Did Yeshua (Jesus) die on a Friday and rise on a Sunday?
If you believe that Yeshua died on a Friday and rose from death on Sunday morning, there is no way He could have been in the grave for 3 days and 3 nights. But Yeshua specifically said He would be in the grave for 3 days and 3 nights just like Jonah was in the belly of the whale for 3 days and 3 nights (Matthew 12:40).
This is extremely important, because if Yeshua didn’t do exactly as He said, He would be lying or a fake! The exact dates of Yeshua’ death and resurrection can be known from the Bible when you understand about the Jewish laws and practices, which Jesus followed exactly.
Yeshua ate His last supper as the Passover feast on Tuesday night – the Jewish feast of Passover is for 8 days: the first day is Passover, and the next 7 days are the Feast of Unleavened bread (in commemoration of when Moses lead the Israelites out of bondage in Egypt).
The Jewish calendar is different from ours, and the Jewish day always begins at sundown (sundown to sundown is a Jewish day, rather than midnight to midnight). Every Saturday – from sundown on Friday until sundown on Saturday is the Jewish Sabbath day – a holy day of rest when no work can be done. Passover is always the 14th day of the Jewish month of Nisan (our month of April), which God Himself decreed. God said the 15th day of Nisan would also be a sabbath day of rest, no matter what day of the week it fell on each year.
Yeshua was crucified on Wednesday, late afternoon, on the 14th day of the Jewish month Nisan (which is why His disciples were concerned about burying Him before the sabbath began that evening, the 15th, at sundown – since they can’t do any work, including burials, on sabbath days). Yeshua rose from the grave on Saturday evening. The two Marys who visited Yeshua’s tomb to bring the fresh spices (Matthew 28), couldn’t do that “work” until their normal Saturday sabbath was over – which was Saturday at sundown. So when they got there late Saturday evening, Yeshua was already risen and gone from the grave. That makes exactly 3 days (Thursday, Friday and Saturday) and 3 nights (Wednesday, Thursday and Friday) that Yeshua was in the grave, just as He said He would be.