There are many rules concerning the proper formation of letters if a written text is to be religiously valid. A Hebrew calligraphy or lettering student must learn about 4,000 or so laws governing the
shape and style and spacing of each letter in the Torah.
The Ashkenaz, Sefard, Chabad (Lubavitch), and Am Mizrachi each have their own script for forming the letters, though the same rules apply in all cases, much in the way that a font uses the same shape for letters but can diverge stylistically.
Calligraphy is a type of visual art. It is often called the art of fancy lettering(Mediavilla 1996: 17). A contemporary definition of calligraphic practice is “the art of giving form to signs in an expressive, harmonious and skillful manner” (Mediavilla 1996: 18). The story of writing is one of aesthetic evolution framed within the technical skills, transmission speed(s) and materials limitations of a person, time and place (Diringer 1968: 441).
Even in the time of computers calligraphy continues to flourish in the forms of wedding and event invitations, font design/typography, original hand-lettered logo design, religious art, announcements/graphic design/commissioned calligraphic art, cut stone inscriptions and memorial documents.
Thus skilled Jewish people use calligraphy to create beautiful Ketubahs, papercuts, Hebrew inscriptions, ornamentations, and artwork products. Check our gallery !
If you would like to commission a customized Jewish calligraphy let us know.